CASCO BAY, Maine — The members of the Casco Bay Estuary Partnership are working together through the Casco Bay Plan to protect the natural beauty and resources of Casco Bay from climate change since 2016, according to the Casco Bay Plan 2016 – 2021.
The Casco Bay Plan will help eliminate combined sewer overflows, reduce storm-water pollution, improve urban waterways, keep waters safe for swimming, monitor water quality, and reduce according to the Casco Bay Plan.
In Casco Bay, ocean-related businesses in 2012 provided 9.5 percent of the total jobs in Cumberland County, according to the Casco Bay Plan.
Casco Bay has lost its eelgrass beds due to climate change, according to the Casco Bay Plan 2016 to 2021. Eelgrass beds provide critical habitats for the organisms who live in the estuary as well as provide good water quality.
Casco Bay fisheries and agriculture suffered because of climate change the Casco Bay plan reported.
“Aquaculture operations in Casco Bay are growing in number while once abundant species like cod are increasingly rare,” the Casco Bay Plan said.
Maine experienced a rise in air temperatures, intense rainfall, warming ocean temperatures, acidifying coastal waters, and rising seas, according to the Casco Bay Plan 2016 to 2021.
“A 2013 ‘rapid assessment’ by scientists at two Casco Bay locations found that between one-fifth and one-third of all identified marine species were not natives,” the Casco Bay Plan said.