Casco Bay, ME — The Casco Bay Climate Change Vulnerability Summary Report highlights the climate stressors on Casco Bay such as warmer summers, winters, and waters. The report also described increased storm activity, sea-level rise, and ocean acidification as climate change effects on Casco Bay, according to this report.
White flounder, Atlantic cod, and silver hake moved from warmer waters, according to the report. If greenhouse gas emissions continue, Portland will experience a 30 month drought rather than their 12 month drought, according to the report.
Water in the Casco Bay has warmed 3 degrees Celsius since the mid-1990s, according the report. Between 2004 and 2013 the Gulf of Maine warmed faster than 99 percent of the world’s ocean, the report said.
In 2012, the Casco Bay experienced an ocean heat wave, which was a the largest and the most intense event, according this report.
Maine winters have warmed at a faster rate compared to summers in Maine, researchers reported. These rising temperatures have affected Maine weather. There are less number of freezing and very cold days, researchers have found.
At the end of this century, Portland will lose 15 to 90 days with minimum temperatures below 32 degrees Fahrenheit, researchers said.